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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 39-45

Spectrum of cardiovascular diseases diagnosed using transthoracic echocardiography: Perspectives from a tertiary hospital in North-Eastern Nigeria

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, PMB 1414, Maiduguri, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Mohammed Abdullahi Talle
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, PMB 1414, Maiduguri
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0189-7969.165163

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Background: The advent of echocardiography has tremendously improved the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases. We present a review of cardiovascular disorders diagnosed using transthoracic echocardiography over 3 years. Materials and Methods: Echocardiographic data of patients from January 2011 to December 2013 were retrieved. All subjects had standard transthoracic echocardiography including Doppler modalities where appropriate. Descriptive statistics was used in assessing the occurrence of the different cardiac disorders. Results: One thousand three hundred and two echocardiograms were considered, out of which 1224 (94%) comprising 591 (48.3%) males and 633 (51.7%) females were analyzed. Ages ranged from 4 days to 105 years with a mode of 60 years and a mean of 39.62 ± 20.58 years. The most common indications were hypertensive heart disease (HHD) (28.2%) and congestive cardiac failure (23.4%). HHD was the most common diagnosis (25.1%) followed by cardiomyopathies (23.9%). Idiopathic dilated (29.3%) and peripartum cardiomyopathy (23.1%) were the most common cardiomyopathies. Valvular heart diseases (VHD) were diagnosed in 14.9%, with rheumatic (60.4%), and degenerative (36.4%) being dominant. Congenital heart disease was diagnosed in 7.2%, with 70.5% of the cases in those ≤14 years. Ischemic heart disease was diagnosed in 6.6%. Pericardial diseases were found in 3.2%, while cor pulmonale was documented in 0.8%. Atrial myxoma dissection of the ascending aorta, athlete's heart, and amniotic fluid embolism were each observed in <1%. A normal echocardiogram was reported in 13.3%. Conclusion: The most common echocardiographic diagnoses in our center are HHD, cardiomyopathies, and VHD. Congenital and ischemic heart diseases are also prevalent.

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